WHAT IS AND HOW IT IS TREATED
At the stage of gingivitis, the inflammation is restricted to the gums and the condition is completely reversible. If, however, the problem is not cured, gingivitis is likely to develop into periodontitis. More specifically, bacteria go deeper under the gums and they infect the bone of the jaw.
The result is bone destruction and the gingiva are detached from the surface of the teeth forming a space called pocket where bacteria are able to multiply. This process, if untreated, progresses for years and in advanced stages leads to tooth loss.
In the initial stages, periodontitis is generally painless and the symptoms are mild. The main symptoms of periodontitis are:
- red, swollen and sensitive gums that bleed easily
- gum recession making the teeth look longer
- sensitivity of teeth in stimuli such as cold or hot
- bad breath
- tooth mobility or teeth that have changed position in the mouth.
The diagnosis of the disease is achieved by a detailed clinical examination accompanied by a full radiographic examination.
The goal of periodontal treatment is:
- removal of pathogenic bacteria
- inhibition of further disease progression and bone loss
- periodontal pocket reduction in order to apply sufficient oral hygiene
- bone regeneration where it is necessary and achievable
Periodontal treatment includes the following phases:
- oral hygiene instructions. This is a lesson in which specialized staff of our clinic practically teaches you, according to your oral needs, the most effective way of oral hygiene.
- non-surgical phase. In this phase, under local anesthesia, bacteria,plaque and calculus are removed from the surface of the teeth by root scaling and planing.
- surgical phase. In cases where the goals of periodontal treatment have not been achieved with the non-surgical phase, we proceed to periodontal surgery to achieve health throughout the mouth.